Arthritis

Third Day Orthopedics & Sports Medicine

Jeff N. Spaw, MD

Orthopedic Surgery & Total Joint Replacement Specialist located in College Station, TX & Brenham, TX

Arthritis is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions in the United States, affecting about one in every four adults. Board-certified orthopedic surgeon and joint replacement specialist Jeffrey Spaw, MD, offers advanced arthritis treatments at Third Day Orthopedics & Sports Medicine in College Station and Brenham, Texas. For compassionate and professional arthritis treatment, call or book an appointment online today.

Arthritis Q & A

What is arthritis?

Arthritis is a disease that causes inflammation in one or more of your joints. There are more than 100 types of arthritis, but the most common include:

Osteoarthritis

This is the most common type of arthritis. Sometimes called degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions your joints breaks down. Over time, this wear and tear condition may cause your bones to grind against one another when you move a joint.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease, which means your immune system attacks your own cells the way it would an invading pathogen. When you have rheumatoid arthritis, your immune system attacks the tissue that lines your joint capsule (synovium). Eventually, this disease may damage cartilage and bone.

What are the symptoms of arthritis?

Arthritis symptoms vary depending on the type of the disease you have. Common symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Joint pain and stiffness
  • Swelling and redness
  • Restricted range of motion

 

You may also hear a clicking or cracking noise when you move the affected joint. The only way to know for sure if you have arthritis is to schedule an appointment at Third Day Orthopedics & Sports Medicine.

How is arthritis diagnosed and treated?

First, Dr. Spaw thoroughly reviews your symptoms and medical history. He performs a physical exam and carefully checks your joints for signs of arthritis, like swelling and redness. He may ask you to move the joint to assess your range of motion.

Depending on the type of arthritis he suspects, Dr. Spaw may take tests, including:

  • Lab tests (blood, urine, or joint fluid)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Computerized tomography (CT)
  • X-ray

 

After he diagnoses your condition, Dr. Spaw develops a personalized treatment plan to relieve your joint pain and improve function. Treatment may begin with medications and physical therapy.

If your arthritis pain and symptoms persist despite treatment, Dr. Spaw may recommend surgery. He performs a variety of joint repair and joint replacement procedures, including anterior approach hip replacement.

For expert care of arthritis, call Third Day Orthopedics & Sports Medicine or book an appointment online today.

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